Before anyone is able to receive a dental procedure, the dentist carries out an extensive assessment of the entire mouth to determine whether the patient is ideal for the treatment being indicated. For instance, before a patient could receive a fixed bridge, Oak Brook Terrace dentists will deem it fit to perform bone grafting to improve the stability of the tooth within the bone.
Bone grafting is an example of an accessory procedure that may be required for a treatment to be successfully carried out. In this procedure, bone is delivered to the jaw to replace what was lost so that health may be restored.
Bone may be lost in different ways:
- An infection is the most common reason for bone loss; and this infection may easily have rooted from the tooth or the bone.
- Trauma and physical injury can also result to bone loss, especially when the stimulus is great enough to wear away bony surface.
- Finally, any presence of abnormal growth may result to bone loss, especially when the growth has gone big enough to eat away tooth structure.
All of these procedures will result in some bone loss that can compromise the stability of the tooth within the jaw. At times, the health of the bone will be resolved by the natural ability of the body to heal, but when this does not meet success physical intervention and manipulation may be your only chance.
Types of Bone Grafts
- Autogenous graft: In this type of grafting procedure, the material is obtained from the patient, on another area in the body, so that it may be used on the jaw. Since the graft is harvested from the body, it results in higher rates of success. The graft is rich in active cellular elements so healing is best achieved. Given the fact that some harvest is required, the patient is subjected to more surgical procedure.
- Allograft: In this type of grafting procedure, the material is obtained from another individual, usually a cadaver and the material is either freeze-dried in fresh frozen, demineralised and mineralized options. This kind of grafting material often works well for bone grafting procedures, but they are expensive because they are manufactured by another harvesting company.
- Xenograft: In this grafting procedure, bone from a cow or bovine is taken and this is not always the best option.